Belajar jadi Guru

Archive for November 2010


Saya mendapatkan lagi sebuah model RPP EEK SMK dari Pak Tri Rubiyanto SMK Negeri 3 Kudus. File ini aslinya diupload di www.scribd.com . Semoga bermanfaat dan menambah wawasan kita semua.

Download : Model-RPP-Bahasa-Inggris-2010-Eksplorasi-Elaborasi-Dan-Konfirmasi-SMKN-3-Kudus

Lesson Plan

Subject                                                : English

Grade                                      : XI/Odd Semester

Meeting                                   :

Time Allocation                      : 2 x 45 minutes

Competence Standard:

3. Holding a communiacation in English in Intermediate Level

Basic Competence:

3.2 Understanding limited conversation with native speaker

Indicator:

a)      Using expressions of making a wish or unreal condition in the future, present or past (conditional sentences and subjunctive wish) correctly

A. Learning Objective:

At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to be able to:

  1. Understand and use conditional sentences and subjunctive wish correctly

B. Materials:

Expressions

Conditional sentences

Subjunctive wish

(listed on the appendices)

C. Teaching-Learning Method:

EGRA (Exposure, Generalization, Reinforcement, Application)

D. Teaching-Learning Steps:

First Meeting

  1. 1. Preface (10 minutes)

Exposure / Exploration

Teacher gives Leading Questions to the students containing the material will be given as follow:

  1. Picture show
  2. Brain storming
  3. Key word
  1. 1. Main Activity / Elaboration (70 minutes)

Generalization

  1. Teacher asks the students to make a group of 4/5.
  2. Teacher gives them a text, questions or quiz that direct them to find the function and the form/pattern of conditional sentences Type 1.
  3. Teacher asks them in group to discuss the answers.
  4. Directed by teacher, the students discuss the answers.
  5. Teacher writes the students’ answers on the whiteboard.
  6. Teacher gives a salutation to the students for their well work.
  7. Teacher demonstrates how to pronounce the words written on the whiteboard.

Reinforcement

  1. Teacher explains the answers written on the whiteboard.
  2. Teacher elaborates the function and the form of conditional sentences Type 1.
  3. Teacher gives some examples.
  4. Teacher holds a drill and repetition for the pronunciation of the words correctly.
  5. Teacher reinforces the students by giving some tasks/quizzes to be discussed in pair.
  6. Classically, teacher leads them to discuss their answers.

Closing (10 minutes)

Application / Confirmation

  1. Teacher asks the students to work individually.
  2. Teacher gives them a task to solve some cases related to the use of conditional sentences Type 1
  3. Individually, the students respond the cases
  4. Teacher asks the students to write some questions by using conditional sentences Type 1.

Second Meeting

  1. 1. Preface (10 minutes)

Exposure / Exploration

Teacher gives Leading Questions to the students containing the material will be given as follow:

  1. Picture show
  2. Brain storming
  3. Key word
  1. 2. Main Activity / Elaboration (70 minutes)

Generalization

  1. Teacher asks the students to make a group of 4/5.
  2. Teacher gives them a text, questions or quiz that directs them to find the function and the form/pattern of subjunctive wish.
  3. Teacher asks them in group to discuss the answers.
  4. Directed by teacher, the students discuss the answers.
  5. Teacher writes the students’ answers on the whiteboard.
  6. Teacher gives a salutation to the students for their well work.
    1. Teacher demonstrates how to pronounce the words written on the whiteboard.

Reinforcement

  1. Teacher explains the answers written on the whiteboard.
  2. Teacher elaborates the function and the form of subjunctive wish.
  3. Teacher gives some examples.
  4. Teacher holds a drill and repetition for the pronunciation of the words correctly.
  5. Teacher reinforces the students by giving some tasks/quizzes to be discussed in pair.
  6. Classically, teacher leads them to discuss their answers.

Closing (10 minutes)

Application / Confirmation

  1. Teacher asks the students to work individually.
  2. Teacher gives them a task to solve some cases related to the use of subjunctive wish Individually, the students respond the cases
  3. Teacher asks the students to write some questions by using subjunctive wish.

E. Instruments/Resources:

Instruments           : picture show

Medium                 : LCD projector, browser/Ms. Word/Ms. Power Point

Resources              : LKS Pustaka Bahasa Inggris, Effective Communication (English for

Vocational High School – Intermediate Level), www.englishclub.com/grammar/verb-conditional, www.englisch-hilfen.de/en (learning English online)

F. Evaluation

Evaluation technique : Written test

Instrument                  : Essay

Indicator                     : Using expressions of making a wish or unreal condition in the future,

present or past (conditional sentences and subjunctive wish) correctly

(listed in the appendices)

Acknowledged by,                                                             Kudus,    October 2010

Principal                                                                                English Teacher

Drs. M. Soleh, M.M                                                            Tri Rubiyanto, S.Pd.

NIP. 19600912 198603 1 006                                     NIP. 19860827 200903 1 003



Tourist phrases Fodors

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

COURTESY

Please

Thank you.

You’re welcome

Sorry

Excuse me.

It doesn’t matter.

GREETINGS

Good morning.

Good afternoon.

Good Evening.

Hello.

Good-bye.

See you soon.

See you later.

See you tomorrow.

ASKING FOR HELP

Excuse me sir

Excuse ma’am

Excuse me miss.

Do you speak English?

Do you understand English?

Yes

No.

I’m sorry

I’m a tourist

I don’t speak your language

I don’t speak Spanish.

I speak very little Spanish.

I don’t understand.

I understand a little.

Please speak more slowly.

Please repeat.

May I ask a question?

Could you Please help me?

Where is the bathroom?

Thank you very much.

QUESTION WORDS

Who?

What?

Why?

When?

Where?

Where from?

Where to?

How?

How much?

NUMBERS

Zero

One

Two

Three

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

Ten

Eleven

Twelve

Thirteen

Fourteen

Fifteen

Sixteen

Seventeen

Eighteen

Nineteen

Twenty

Thirty

Forty

Fifty

Sixty

Seventy

Eighty

Ninety

One hundred

Two hundred

Three hundred

Four hundred

Five hundred

Six hundred

Seven hundred

Eight hundred

Nine hundred

One thousand

Two thousand

Three thousand

Four thousand

Five thousand

Six thousand

Seven thousand

Eight thousand

Nine thousand

Ten thousand

One million

Two million

ORDINAL NUMBERS

First

Second

Third

Fourth

Fifth

Sixth

Seventh

Eigth

Ninth

Tenth

QUANTITIES

Once

Twice

Last

Half

A half

One-third

One-quarter

Percent

CHANGING MONEY

Where can I change some money?

Where can I change dollars?

Where can I change this check?

Where can I change travelers checks?

Is the bank open now?

No, it’s closed.

But the currency exchange is open.

Do you accept personal checks?

Do you accept a bank draft?

Do you accept cashier’s checks?

Do you accept a money order?

How much is the dollar worth?

How much is the peso worth?

How much is the peseta worth?

Do you need identification?

Do you need my passport?

Do you need other documents?

Where do I sign?

May I have small bills?

May I have large bills?

May I have some large bills and small bills?

May I have some coins?

May I have the rest in change?

PAYING THE BILL

How much does it cost?

The bill, please.

How much do I owe you?

Is service included?

This is for you.

TELLING TIME

What time is it?

At what time?

It’s one o’clock

It’s 1:15

It’s 1:30

It’s 1:45

It’s 2:00

It’s 3:00

It’s 4:00

It’s 5:00

It’s 6:00

It’s 7:00

It’s 8:00

It’s 9:00

It’s 10:00

It’s 11:00

It’s 12:00

in the morning.

in the afternoon.

in the evening.

It’s midnight

It’s noon

Five minutes ago

In a half hour

After 8 P.M.

Before 9 A.M.

When does it begin?

He came on time

He came early

He came late.

AT THE AIRPORT

CLEARING CUSTOMS

What nationality are you?

I’m American

I’m English

I’m Canadian

What’s your name?

My name is…

Where will You be staying?

I am staying at a hotel.

Are you here on vacation?

I’m just passing through

I’m here on a business trip.

I’ll be here for a few days

I’ll be here for a week.

I’ll be here for several weeks.

I’ll be here for a month.

Your passport please.

Do you have anything to declare?

No, I have nothing to declare.

Can you open the bag?

Of course.

What are these?

They’re personal effects.

They’re gifts

Do I have to pay duty?

Have a nice stay.

LUGGAGE AND PORTERS

I need a porter.

I need a baggage cart

Here is my  luggage.

Here are my suitcases.

Here are my bags.

Take my luggage to the taxi.

Take my suitcases to the taxi.

Take my bags to the taxi.

Take my bags to the bus.

Take my bags to the sidewalk.

Please be careful!

How much is it?

Do you know where the airline is?

Where is the information booth?

Where is the ticket counter?

Where is the luggage check-in?

Where is the airport tax?

AIRPORT SERVICES AND TRANSPORTATION

Where is the lost baggage office?

Where is the duty free shop?

Where is the money exchange?

Where is the bus stop?

Where is the taxi stand?

FINDING YOUR WAY

TAKING A TAXI

Is this taxi free?

Is this taxi occupied?

Do you know this address?

Please take me to the hotel.

Please take me to the station.

Please take me to the center of town.

Please take me to this street.

Slower. Please.

Stop over there.

Meter

Fare

Fixed rate

Tip

ON THE BUS

I’m looking for the bus stop.

What bus line goes north?

What bus line goes south?

What bus line goes east?

What bus line goes west?

What bus do I take to go to…

What bus do I take to go to Madrid?

How many stops until the Museum of Modern Art?

How long does it take to get to Seville?

Can you tell me when to get off?

How much is the fare?

Should I pay when I get on?

Where do I take the bus to return?

How often does the return bus run?

Which is the closest stop to the park?

I would like a ticket

I would like a receipt.

I would like a reserved seat.

I would like first class.

I would like second class.

I would like a direct bus.

I would like an express bus.

I would like ticket luggage.

USING THE SUBWAY

Where can I buy a token?

How much are they?

Is there a map for the metro?

Is there a map for the subway?

Which train do I take to go to…

Which subway do I take to go to…

Can you tell me when we arrive at…..

USING THE TRAIN

When does the train leave for Madrid?

When does the train leave for this city?

Is it a local train?

Is it an express train?

Is it a through train?

When does the train leave?

When does the train arrive?

Is the train on time?

Is the train late?

From what platform does it leave?

Does this train stop at Cordoba?

Does this train stop at Toledo?

Does this train sop at this city?

Is there time to eat something?

Is there time to buy something?

Is there time to take pictures?

Is there a dining car?

Is there a sleeping car?

I’d like a round trip ticket.

I’d like a one-way ticket

Is this seat taken?

Excuse me, I believe this is my seat.

Excuse me, I think this is my seat.

Sorry, this seat is taken.

Sorry, this seat is occupied.

No, it is not taken.

No, it is not occupied.

I would like a no-smoking compartment.

WALKING AROUND

Do you have a map of the city?

Could you show me on the map?

Can I get there on foot?

How far is it?

I’m lost

Where is the Hotel Rex?

Where is this hotel?

Where is this street?

Where is this avenue?

How can I get to the train station?

How can I get to the bus stop?

How can I get to the ticket office?

How can I get to the subway entrance?

How can I get to the airport.

Straight ahead

To the right

To the left

A block away

On the corner

On the square

Facing

Opposite

Across

Next to

Near

Far

ACCOMODATIONS

HOTEL ARRANGEMENTS AND SERVICES

I would like a room for one night

I would like a room for two nights

I would like a room for a week

I would like a room for two weeks

How much is it for a day?

How much is it for a week?

Does that include tax?

I have a reservation.

Do you have a room with a private bath?

Do you have a room with air-conditioning?

Do you have a room with heat?

Do you have a room with television?

Do you have a room with hot water?

Do you have a room with a balcony?

Do you have a room with a view facing the street?

Do you have a room with a view facing the ocean?

Does the hotel have restaurant?

Does the hotel have a bar?

Does the hotel have a swimming pool?

Does the hotel have room service?

Does the hotel have a garage?

Does the hotel have a safe-deposit box?

Does the hotel have laundry service?

I would like meals included

I would like breakfast only.

I would like no meals included.

I would like an extra bed.

I would like a baby crib.

I would like another towel

I would like soap

I would like clothes hangers.

I would like another blanket.

I would like drinking water.

I would like toilet paper.

This room is very small.

This room is very cold.

This room is very hot.

This room is very dark.

This room is very noisy.

The light does not work.

The heat does not work.

The toilet does not work.

The air-conditioner does not work.

The key does not work.

The lock does not work.

The fan does not work.

The outlet does not work.

The television does not work.

May I change to another room?

Is there room service?

Is there laundry service?

Is there a beauty parlor?

Is there a barber shop?

Is there a baby sitter?

Is there a gift shop?

I would like to palace an order for room number four.

Can you recommend a babysitter for my child?

How much do you charge?

Can you stay until midnight?

USING THE TELEPHONE

Operator

May I have an outside line, please.

I would like to make a long-distance call

I would like to make a collect call.

I would like to make a call with time and charges.

I would like to make a person-to-person call.

I would like to make a credit card call.

Please connect me with room 203.

Please connect me with this room.

Please connect me with the reception desk.

Please connect me with the dining room.

Please connect me with telephone number…

Please connect me with room service.

Please connect me with the bell captain.

We’re leaving now.

We need a porter for the luggage.

The bill, please.

Could you call us a taxi, please?

SOCIALIZING

INTRODUCTIONS

I’d like to introduce you to….

I’d like to introduce you to Mr. Vargas.

I’d like to introduce you to Mrs. Vargas

I’d like to introduce you to Miss …

Pleased to meet you.

A pleasure.

What is your name?

My name is …

My name is John.

My name is Mary.

My name is Mr. Vargas.

I am …

This is my husband.

This is my wife.

This is my colleague.

This is my friend (male)

This is my friend (female)

How are you?

Fine, Thanks.  And you?

FIRST CONTACT

Where do you live:

I live in…

I live in the United States

I live in England

I live in Canada

I live in New York

I live in California

That’s in the north

That’s in the south

That’s in the east

That’s in the west

That’s near…

That’s near the coast

That’s near Canada

That’s near the boarder

That’s near the ocean

That’s near the mountains.

I’m from…

I’m from New York

How long will you be here

I’ll be here for a week

I’ll be here for another week.

I’ll be here for three weeks.

I’ll be here for a short while.

I’ll be here for a long while.

What hotel are you staying at?

I am at the…

How do like Spain?

How do you like Mexico?

I like it very much

I just arrived

I’m not sure yet.

I like the people very much.

I like the countryside.

Everything is so interesting.

Everything is so different.

Everything is so pretty.

JOBS AND PROFESSIONS

Where do you work?

What do you do?

What is your profession?

I’m a…

I’m a businessman.

I’m retired.

I’m not working any longer.

MAKING FRIENDS

It’s so good to see you

It’s nice to be here.

Would you like a drink?

With pleasure.

Cheers!

No Thanks

Would you like to go with us to…

Would you like to go with us to the theater?

Would you like to go with us to the movies?

Would you like to go with us to a restaurant?

Gladly.

Can I bring a friend?

Do you mind if I smoke?

Not at all.

May I telephone you?

What is your telephone number?

What is your address?

Are you married?

No, I’m single.

No, I’m divorced.

No, I’m a widower.

No, I’m a widow.

I’m traveling with a friend.

My family is with me.

Do you have any children.

Yes, I have children.

No, I do not have children.

Yes, I have a child

Yes, I have two children.

Yes, I have three children.

Yes, I have four children.

Yes, I have a son.

Yes, I have a daughter.

Here are pictures of my family.

It’s getting late.

It’s time to get back.

We’re leaving tomorrow.

Thanks for everything.

I had a very good time.

We’re going to miss you.

It was nice to have met you.

Give my best to fiancé

Give my best to your boyfriend

Give my best to your girlfriend

Give my best to your family.

Give my best to your husband.

Give my best to your wife.

Can I give you a ride?

Don’t bother, thank you.

I can take a taxi.

Bye.

THE FAMILY

I’m traveling with my family

I’m traveling without my family.

My family lives in….

My family lives in New York.

My family is spread out.

I have a big family.

I have a small family.

I have many relatives.

I have a baby.

I have a father.

I have a mother.

I have a grandmother.

I have a grandfather.

I have a grandson.

I have a granddaughter.

I have a cousin (female)

I have a cousin ( male)

I have an aunt.

I have an uncle.

I have a sister.

I have a brother.

I have in-laws.

I have a father-in-law.

I have a mother-in-law.

How old are your children?

My children are very young.

My children are all grown up.

Peter is three years old.

He is older than Paul.

He is my eldest son.

He is my youngest son.

She is my eldest daughter.

She is my youngest daughter.

I am a widow.

I am a widower.

TALKING ABOUT LANGUAGE

Do you speak…

Do you speak English?

Do you speak French?

Do you speak German?

I only speak English.

I don’t speak Spanish.

I speak very little.

I speak a little Spanish.

I want to learn Spanish.

I understand.

I don’t understand.

Can you understand me?

Please repeat that.

Speak more slowly.

Could you write that?

How do you say in Spanish?

How do you say in English?

Is there anyone who speaks English here?

Could you translate this?

Spanish is a beautiful language.

I like Spanish a lot.

IN THE HOME

Make yourself at home.

You may sit here.

What a pretty house!

I really like this neighborhood.

Here is the kitchen.

Here is the living room.

Here is the dining room.

Here is the bedroom.

Here is the bathroom.

Here is the study.

Here is the attic.

Here is the cellar.

Here is the couch.

Here is the armchair.

Here is the table.

Here is the chair.

Here is the lamp.

Here is the door.

It’s a house

It’s an apartment.

It’s a mansion.

It’s a ranch.

Thanks for having invited us to your home.

Please come to visit us sometime.

DINING OUT

Can you recommend a good restaurant?

I want a typical restaurant.

I want an international restaurant.

I want an inexpensive restaurant.

I want a very good restaurant.

Is that restaurant expensive?

What’s the name of the restaurant?

Where is it located?

Do I need reservations?

I’d like to reserve a table.

I’d like to reserve a table for two people.

I’d like to reserve a table for this evening.

I’d like to reserve a table for 8:00 P.M.

I’d like to reserve a table for tomorrow evening.

I’d like to reserve a table on the terrace.

I’d like to reserve a table by the window.

I’d like to reserve a table outside.

I’d like to reserve a table inside.

GOING TO A RESTAURANT

Waiter!

Waitress!

Miss!

Can you bring me the menu?

Can you bring me the wine list?

Can you bring me the an appetizer?

I’d like something light

I’d like a full meal.

I’d like the meal of the day.

Do you have children’s portions?

I’m ready to order.

Could I have…

To begin…

Next…

Finally…

That’s all.

Is the dish baked?

Is the dish boiled?

Is the dish braises?

Is the dish broiled?

Is the dish fried?

I prefer the meat well done.

I prefer the meat medium.

I prefer the meat rare.

The soup is cold.

I’d like another dish.

More water, please.

I’m on a special diet.

Is it very spicy?

I’m a diabetic.

I can’t eat salt.

I can’t eat fat.

I can’t eat sugar.

I can’t eat flour.

I can’t eat dairy products.

I don’t eat pork.

I want to lose weight.

Where’s the toilet?

RESTAURANT ITEMS

Silverware

a fork

a knife

a spoon

a napkin

a cup

a saucer

a plate

a glass

some bread

some butter

water

the salt

the pepper

the mustard

the ketchup

the mayonnaise

some coffee

some tea

some lemon

the sugar

some saccharine

an ashtray

a toothpick

a beer

THE BILL

May I have the check, please?

Only one check please.

Please give us separate checks.

Is service included?

I think there’s a mistake.

Do you accept credit cards?

Do you accept traveler’s checks?

Do you accept dollars?

This is for you.

Keep the change.

The meal was excellent.

And the service was very good.

PERSONAL CARE

AT THE BARBERSHOP

I’d like a haircut.

I’d like a shampoo.

Leave it a little longer.

Leave it a little longer in the front.

Leave it a little longer on the sides.

Leave it a little longer in the back.

Leave it a little longer on the top.

Cut it short

Cut it a little shorter.

I’d like the part on the right.

I’d like the part on the left.

I’d like the part down the middle.

Also trim my beard.

Also trim my mustache.

Also trim my sideburns.

Cut a bit more right here.

Cut a bit more right here with the razor.

Cut a bit more right here with the scissors.

It’s fine like that.

AT THE BEAUTRY PARLOR

I need to go to a hairdresser.

Is there a beauty salon in this hotel?

Is there a long wait?

Do I need an appointment?

Can I make an appointment for…

Can I make an appointment for later?

Can I make an appointment for this afternoon?

Can I make an appointment for three o’clock?

Can I make an appointment for tomorrow?

I’d like a shampoo.

I’d like a blowdry.

I’d like a set.

I’d like a permanent.

I’d like a manicure.

I’d like a touch-up.

I’d like a color rinse.

Could I see the color?

I prefer…

I prefer auburn.

I prefer ash blond.

I prefer light blond.

I prefer a darker shade.

I prefer a lighter shade.

Please use hairspray.

No hairspray please.

That’s perfect.

LAUNDRY AND DRY CLEANING

I’m looking for a laundry.

I’m looking for a dry cleaner.

I’m looking for a Laundromat.

I have a dress to be washed.

I have a dress to be ironed.

I have a dress to be dry-cleaned.

I have a dress to be mended.

These clothes are dirty.

Can they be cleaned today?

When will they be ready?

I need them…

I need them tomorrow.

I need them the day after tomorrow.

I need them in a week.

I need them as soon as possible.

I’m leaving tomorrow.

Can you get this stain out?

Can you sew on this button?

This isn’t mine.

There’s an item missing.

Here is my list.

2 shirts

shirts

5 pairs of men’s undershorts.

men’s undershorts

a suit

8 pairs of socks

pairs of socks

several hankerchiefs

2 ties

ties

a sweater

2 pairs of pants

a pair of pants

a jacket

a bathing suit

3 blouses

blouses

a skirt

a bra

4 panties

a dress

HEALTH CARE

TALKING TO THE DOCTOR

I don’t feel well.

I’m sick.

I don’t know what I have

I feel weak.

I feel dizzy.

I have a fever.

I don’t have a fever

I’m nauseated.

I can’t sleep.

I threw up.

I have diarrhea.

I’m constipated.

I have asthma.

I have a bite.

I have an animal bite.

I have bruises.

I have a burn.

I have something in my eye.

I have a cold.

I have a cough.

I have cramps.

I have a cut.

I have the flu.

I have a headache.

I have a lump.

I have a rash.

I have rheumatism.

I have a sore throat.

I have a sting.

I have a stomach ache.

I have sunstroke.

I have a swelling.

I have an upset stomach.

My stomach hurts.

My feet hurt.

My nose hurts.

My ear hurts.

My mouth hurts.

My eye hurts.

My throat hurts.

My tongue hurts.

My tooth hurts.

My torso hurts.

My neck hurts.

My shoulder hurts.

My arm hurts.

My elbow hurts.

My chest hurts.

My breast hurts.

My back hurts.

My hand hurts.

My wrist hurts.

My waist hurts.

My hip hurts.

My leg hurts.

My knee hurts.

My ankle hurts.

My foot hurts.

My heart hurts.

My liver hurts.

My appendix hurts.

My lungs hurt.

My bladder hurts.

My glands hurt.

I’m allergic to penicillin.

I’m allergic to sulfa.

I’m allergic to certain medicines.

Here is the medicine I take.

I’ve had this pain for two days.

I had a heart attack four years ago.

I’ve had a heart attack before.

I’m four months pregnant.

I’m pregnant.

I have menstrual pains.

PATIENT’S QUESTIONS

Is it serious?

Is it contagious?

How long should I stay in bed.

What exactly is wrong with me?

How frequently should I take the medication?

Do I need to see you again?

Do I need a prescription?

When can I start traveling again?

Can you give me a prescription?

Can you give me a prescription for a painkiller?

Can you give me a prescription for a tranquilizer?

Can you give me a prescription for a sleeping pill?

Can I have a bill for my insurance?

Could you fill out this medical form?

AT THE HOSPITAL

Is there a hospital close by?

Call an ambulance.

Help me!

Get me to the hospital!

I need first aid fast!

I was in an accident!

I cut my hand.

I cut my face.

I cut my finger.

I cut my leg.

I cut my neck.

I can’t move.

He hurt his head.

His ankle is broken.

His ankle is twisted.

His ankle is swollen.

She is bleeding heavily.

He is bleeding heavily.

He’s unconscious.

She’s unconscious.

I burned myself.

I ate something poisonous.

When can I leave?

When will the doctor come?

Where is the nurse?

I can’t eat.

I can’t drink.

I can’t sleep.

What are the visiting hours?

THE DENTIST

I need to see a dentist.

It’s an emergency.

I’m in a lot of pain.

I’ve lost a filling.

This tooth is broken.

This tooth hurts.

I don’t want to have it extracted.

Can you fill it?

Can you fill it with gold?

Can you fill it with silver?

Can you fill it trmporarily?

I want a local anesthetic.

My denture is broken.

THE OPTICIAN

I broke a lens.

I broke a frame.

I lost a lens.

I’ve lost my glasses.

I’ve lost my contact lenses.

Can you replace them right away?

When can I pick them up?

Do you have sunglasses?

AT THE PHARMACY

Is there a pharmacy nearby?

When does the pharmacy open?

What pharmacy is open now?

I need something for…

I need something for a cold.

I need something for diarrhea.

I need something for fever.

I need something for hay fever.

I need something for a headache.

I need something for an insect bite.

I need something for sunburn.

I need something for motion sickness.

I need something for an upset stomach.

I need…

alcohol

analgesic

antiseptic

aspirin

bandages

band-aids

contact lens solution

contraceptives

cotton

cough drops

disinfectant

eardrops

gauze

insect spray

iodine

laxative

nose drops

sanitary napkins

sleeping pills

suppositories

tablets

tampons

thermometer

vitamins

It’s urgent!

ON THE ROAD

CAR RENTALS

I need to rent a car.

I need to rent a compact car.

I need to rent an automatic car.

I need to rent a station wagon.

How much is it per hour?

How much is it per day?

How much is it per week?

How much is it per month?

How much is it per kilometer?

How much is the insurance?

Do you need a deposit?

Do you need my drivers liscense?

Do you accept credit cards?

Can I leave the car in another city?

THE SERVICE STATION

Where is there a service station?

Fill it with regular.

Fill it with super.

Fill it with diesel.

Give me 40 liters of regular.

Please check the carburetor.

Please check the  brake fluid.

Please check the spark plugs.

Please check the tire pressure.

Please check the water.

Please check the oil.

Change the oil.

DRIVING

Is this the road to…

Is this the road to Madrid?

Is this the road to Granada?

Is there a better road?

Is there a less congested road?

Is there a shortcut?

I think we are lost.

I think we are in the outskirts.

I think we are in the wrong lane.

I think we are in the wrong exit.

I think we are in the center of town.

I think we are arriving at the next town.

How do I get to the Rex Hotel?

How do I get to the next town?

How do I get to the main highway?

How do I get to the center of town?

Do I go straight ahead?

Do I go to the left?

Do I go two more blocks?

Is it nearby?

Is it far from here?

Is it near the hotel?

Is it far from the center?

Is it close to the center?

Are there any tourist services?

May I park the car here?

EMERGENCIES AND CAR PROBLEMS

My car won’t start.

Something must be wrong.

I don’t know what’s wrong.

I have a flat tire.

I’m out of gas.

The battery’s dead.

It’s overheating.

My car is overheating.

I left the keys inside the car.

I don’t have any tools.

I need a flashlight.

I need a hammer.

I need a jack.

I need pliers.

I need a bolt.

I need a nut.

I need a screwdriver.

Can you open the hood?

Can you open the trunk?

Can you open the gas tank?

Can you charge my battery?

Can you change the tire?

Can you tow the car to a garage?

CAR REPAIRS

There’s something wrong with the…

There’s something wrong with the car.

There’s something wrong with the brakes.

There’s something wrong with the tires.

There’s something wrong with the spark plugs.

There’s something wrong with the motor.

Please check the…

Please check the oil.

Please check the water

Please check the carburetor.

Please check the battery.

Please check the radiator.

Please check the brake fluid.

Please check the tire pressure.

I have a problem with the…

I have a problem with the gears.

I have a problem with the headlights.

I have a problem with the high beams.

I have a problem with the directional signals.

I have a problem with the ignition.

I have a problem with the radiator.

I have a problem with the transmission.

I have a problem with the windshield wipers.

Can you repair the…

Can you repair the brakes?

Can you repair the horn?

Can you repair the radio?

Can you repair the starter?

Can you repair the steering wheel?

Can you repair the electrical system?

Can you repair the door handle?

Can you repair the speedometer?

How long will this take?

How much will it cost?

Other parts of the car…

the transmission

the water pump

the directional signals

the fuel pump

the distributor

the gearshift

the headlights

the taillights

the fan belt

COMMUNICATIONS

TELEPHONES

Is there a public telephone?

Is there a telephone booth?

Is there a telephone directory?

Operator

I’d like to call…

I’d like to call this number.

I’d like to call information.

I’d like to call the international operator.

I’d like to use my credit card.

I’d like to make a long-distance call.

I’d like to make a person-to-person call.

I’d like to make a local call.

I’d like to make a collect call.

I’d like to make a conference call.

I’d like to make a call with time and charges.

WHAT THE CALLER SAYS

Hello

This is Mr…

This is Mrs…

This is Miss…

Can you repeat please?

I can’t hear you very well.

It’s a bad connection.

Speak louder please.

My number is…

THE POST OFFICE

Is this the post office?

I would like to send…

I would like to send a letter.

I would like to send a postcard.

I would like to send a registered letter.

I would like to send a special-delivery letter.

I would like to send a certified letter.

I would like to send a package.

I would like to send a money order.

How many stamps do I need for…

How many stamps do I need for surface mail?

How many stamps do I need for airmail?

How many stamps do I need for a postcard?

How many stamps do I need for a letter to the United States?

I’d also like to buy airmail envelopes.

I’d also like to buy aerograms.

I’d also like to buy airmail paper.

I’d also like to buy a collection of stamps.

Where is the letterbox?

Where is the stamp machine?

Where is the window for certified mail?

TELEGRAMS AND FAXES

May I send a telegram to New York?

May I send a telegram?

May I send a telex to New York?

May I send a telex?

May I send a cable to New York?

May I send a cable?

May I send a fax to New York?

May I send a fax?

I would like to wire some money.

How much is it per word?

Will it arrive tomorrow morning?

THE MEDIA

Books and newspapers

Do you have newspapers in English?

Do you have magazines in English?

Do you have any publications in English?

Radio and Television

Is there an English speaking station?

Is there a music station?

Is there a news station?

Is there a weather station?

What number is it on the dial?

What time is the program?

Is there an English speaking channel?

Do you have a television guide?

Do they have international news in English?

When is the weather forcast?

SIGHT-SEEING

FINDING THE SIGHTS

I want to go to the…

I want to go to the cathedral.

I want to go to the main market.

I want to go to the art museum.

I want to go to the natural science museum.

I want to go to the folk-art museum.

I want to go to the national theater.

I want to go to the business district.

I want to go to the library.

I want to go to the government palace.

I want to go to the botanical gardens.

I want to go to the zoo.

At what time do they open?

At what time do they close?

Is it open today?

How much is the admission?

How much is it for children?

How much is it for students?

How much is it for a group?

AT THE MUSEUM

Where can I get an English-speaking guide?

How long does the tour take?

Where is the gift shop?

Do they sell prints?

Do they sell postcards?

Is there a restaurant here?

IN THE OLD PART OF TOWN

Which are the historic sites?

How many churches are there here?

Is that church old?

What religion is it?

Are there any monuments nearby?

What does that one commemorate?

When was that built?

How old is that building?

Are there many statues here?

Whose statue is that?

Who was he?

Who was she?

IN THE BUSINESS DISTRICT

At what time are business open?

Which are the department stores?

Are they open on weekends?

Where is a souvenir shop?

Which is the main bank?

Where is the money exchange?

IN THE COUNTRY

What is the best way to get to the country?

Is there a bus from here?

How long does it take?

Is there any place to eat there?

Should we take some food?

Are there restrooms?

I like the mountains.

I like plants.

I like flowers.

I like the fields.

I like the hills.

I like the woods.

I like birds.

I like wild animals.

I like the farms.

I like the houses.

I like the cottages.

I like the villages.

Look! There’s a…

Look! There’s a barn.

Look! There’s a bridge.

Look! There’s a castle.

Look! There’s a waterfall.

Look! There’s a stream.

Look! There’s a lake.

Look! There’s a beach.

Look! There’s a pond.

Look! There’s a village.

The view is breathtaking.

The view is magnificent.

This place is beautiful.

This place is very pretty.

This place is very touristy.

What is a typical souvenir from here?

Do you tip the guide?

SHOPPING

TYPES OF FOLK ART

basketwork

blanket

ceramics

clay

copper

embroidery

feather decorators

glass

blown glass

gold

jade

lacquerware

leather

tooled leather

embossed leather

marble

mask

musical instrument

onyx

paper cutouts

paper toys

pottery

saddle

shawl

silver

thread

toy

weaving

wood carvings

wool

yarn

WHAT SHOPPERS SAY

Excuse me.

I’m interested in this.

How much is it?

It’s very expensive.

It’s overpriced.

Do you have a cheaper one?

This is damaged.  Do you have another one?

What is the lowest price?

Is that the final price?

Can’t you give me a discount?

I’ll give you…

I won’t pay more than…

I’ll look somewhere else.

No, thank you.

GENERAL SHOPPING

I need to buy…

I need to buy books.

I need to buy a roll of film.

I need to buy some food.

I need to buy candy.

I need to buy shoes.

I need to buy clothes.

I need to buy medicine.

I need to buy jewelry.

I need to buy cigarettes.

I need to buy gifts.

I need to buy souvenirs.

I need to buy postcards.

TYPES OF STORES

shop

bookstore

camera shop

grocery store

bakery

candy store

shoe store

clothing store

jewelry store

local market

butcher shop

department store

flower shop

fruit stand

gift shop

liquor store

hardware store

record store

tobacco shop

mewsstand

supermarket

CLOTHING

I want to buy…

I want to buy a blouse.

I want to buy a sweater.

I want to buy a dress.

I want to buy a skirt.

I want to buy stockings.

I want to buy an evening gown.

I want to buy a tie.

I want to buy a shirt.

I want to buy a belt.

I want to buy a hat.

I want to buy a robe.

I want to buy an overcoat.

I want to buy handkerchiefs.

My size is small.

My size is medium.

My size is large.

My size is extra-large.

My size is 10.

My size is 12.

My size is 14.

Do you have it in…

Do you have it in black?

Do you have it in blue?

Do you have it in brown?

Do you have it in gray?

Do you have it in white?

Do you have it in red?

Do you have it in green?

Do you have it in yellow?

Do you have it in orange?

I prefer something in cotton.

I prefer something in silk.

I prefer something in corduroy.

I prefer something in denim.

I prefer something in gabardine.

I prefer something in lace.

I prefer something in linen.

I prefer something in leather.

I prefer something in nylon.

I prefer something in rayon.

I prefer something in satin.

I prefer something in suede.

I prefer something in synthetic.

I prefer something in taffeta.

I prefer something in terrycloth.

I prefer something in velvet.

I prefer something in wool.

I prefer something in worsted.

I’d like to try it on.

It does not fit me.

It fits well.

I’ll take it.

JEWLERY STORE

I’d like to see some…

I’d like to see some necklaces.

I’d like to see some chains.

I’d like to see some bracelets.

I’d like to see some brooches.

I’d like to see some earrings.

I’d like to see some pins.

I’d like to see some wristwatches.

Do you have this in gold?

Do you have this in white gold?

Do you have this in silver?

Do you have this in stainless steel?

Do you have this in platinum?

I would like it with jade.

I would like it with onyx.

I would like it with a pearl.

I would like it with ivory.

I would like it with a diamond.

I would like it with an emerald.

I would like it with an aquamarine.

I would like it with an amethyst.

THE PHOTO SHOP

I would like a roll of film.

Do you have film for prints?

Do you have film for slides?

Do you have movie film?

Do you have color film?

Do you have black-and-white film?

Do you have 35 millimeter film, 36 exposures?

Do you develop film here?

How much does it cost?

How long does it take?

When can I pick up the pictures?

THE RECORD STORE

Do you have records?

Do you have cassettes?

Do you have tapes?

Do you have compact disks?

Where is the classical music?

Where is the folk music?

Where is the popular music?

Where is the Spanish music?

Where is the Latin music?

Where is the rock and roll music?

Do you sell maracas?

Do you sell castanets?

Do you sell other musical instruments?

BOOKS, MAGAZINES, AND PAPER GOODS

Where is there a bookstore?

Is there a bookstore that carries English books?

Do you have the book..?

Do you have this guide book in English?

Do you have a Spanish-English dictionary?

Do you have novels?

Do you have books?

Do you have magazines?

Do you have a guidebook?

Do you have a map of the city?

Do you have a pocket dictionary?

a ball-point pen

envelopes

a notebook

posters

ribbon

Scotch tape

stamps

stationery

string

wrapping paper

a writing pad

TOILETRIES

a brush

cologne

a comb

deodorant

disposable diapers

hairspray

a mirror

moisturizing lotion

mouthwash

nail clippers

nail polish

nail polish remover

perfume

sanitary napkins

shampoo

shaving cream

soap

a sponge

tampons

tissues

toilet paper

a toothbrush

tweezers

FOOD SHOPPING

I would like a bottle of juice.

I would like a bottle milk.

I would like a box of cereal.

I would like a box of cookies.

I would like a can of tomato sauce.

I would like a dozen eggs.

I would like a package of candies.

Do you have cold cuts?

Do you have cheese?

Do you have soft drinks?

Do you have cigarettes?

Do you have matches?

ACTIVITIES AND ENTERTAINMENT

SWIMMING

Where are the best beaches?

How do we get there?

Is it a private of public beach?

Is there a lifeguard?

Is it dangerous for children?

Are there dangerous currents?

When is high tide?

When is low tide?

We need some beach chairs.

We need some beach towels.

CAMPING

Can we camp here?

Is there room for a trailer?

What does it cost for one night?

Is there drinking water?

Is there electricity?

Are there showers?

Is there a grocery store?

Is there butane gas?

MOVIES

Let’s go to the movies.

What’s playing?

Is it in Spanish or English?

With subtitles?

Is it dubbed?

What kind of film is it?

It’s a comedy.

It’s a drama.

When does the show start?

How much are the tickets?

What theater is showing the new film?

THEATER, CONCERTS, OPERA, AND BALLET

What’s playing at the theater?

I’d like to go to a play.

I’d like to go to an opera.

I’d like to go to an operetta.

I’d like to go to a ballet.

I’d like to go to a musical.

I’d like to go to a concert.

What kind of play is it?

Who wrote it?

Are the tickets for today?

How much are the tickets?

Do we need a reservation?

Please give me tickets.

I’d like an orchestra seat.

I’d like seats in the balcony.

I’d like a mezzanine seat.

I’d like seats up front.

I’d like good seats.

I’d like inexpensive tickets.

I’d like tickets for the matinee.

I’d like tickets for the evening.

A program please.

Who’s playing?

Who’s singing?

Who’s dancing?

Who’s directing?

Who’s speaking?

Who’s announcing?

CLUBS, DISCOS, AND CABARETS

Why don’t we go dancing tonight?

Can you suggest a good nightclub?

Do they serve dinner?

What kind of show do they have?

Is there an entrance fee?

There’s a minimum charge.

What kind of dress is required.

Is there a place to go after dinner?

Good evening.

We would like a table near the stage.

We would like a table near the dance floor.

How much do you charge for drinks?

Do you have any special drinks?

What kind of non-alcoholic beverages do you serve?

Could we see the menu?

At what time is the show?

How many shows are there?

SPORTS

I would like to see a soccer match.

Who is playing?

Which is the best team.

Is the stadium near here?

How much are the tickets?

Are there better seats?

What is the score?

Who is winning?

BULLFIGHTS

Is there a bullfight today?

Where is the bullring?

Who is the main bullfighter?

Do you have seats in the shade?

Do you have seats in the sun?

Bravo!

GENERAL INFORMATION

ESPRESSIONS OF TIME

now

earlier

later

before

after

soon

morning

afternoon

night

in the morning

in the afternoon

at night

tomorrow morning

the day after tomorrow

yesterday

the day before yesterday

in a week

next week

last week

next month

last month

next year

last year

five years ago

during the eighties

DAYS, NONTHS, AND SEASONS

Days of the week

What day is it?

Today is Monday.

Today is Tuesday.

Today is Wednesday.

Today is Thursday.

Today is Friday.

Today is Saturday.

Today is Sunday.

Months of the year

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Seasons

Spring

Summer

Autumn

Winter

THE DATE

What is today’s date?

Today is June 1, 1989.

Today is April 12 1995.

Her birthday is December 2, 1956

AGE

How old are you?

I’m 36

My age is…

WEATHER

What’s the weather like?

It’s nice today.

The day is not too nice.

It’s windy.

It’s hot.

It’s cold.

It’s sunny.

It’s cloudy.

It’s rainy.

It’s not snowing now.

COLORS

red

yellow

green

blue

white

brown

orange

purple

black

gold

silver

OCCUPATIONS

Professions

artist

cardiologist

dentist

doctor

engineer

eye doctor

lawyer

neurologist

ophthalmologist

painter

sculptor

writer

Occupations

accountant

baker

blacksmith

butcher

carpenter

clerk

cook

electrician

locksmith

maid

nurse

plumber

salesperson

shoemaker

shopkeeper

waiter

EMERGENCIES

Look!

Listen!

Watch out!

Fire!

Help!

Stop!

I need help quick!

Can you help me?

Police!

I need a policeman!

It’s an emergency!

Leave me alone!

That man’s a thief!

Stop him!

He’s stolen my pocketbook.

He’s stolen my wallet.

He’s stolen my passport.

He’s stolen my watch.

I’ve lost my suitcase.

I’ve lost my money.

I’ve lost my glasses.

I’ve lost my car keys.

 


Link unduhan:

Cover

DAFTAR ISI

Penilaian BAB I

Penilaian BAB II

Penilaian BAB III

BAHAN PELATIHAN ING-D

PENILAIAN PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INGGRIS SMP

penulis :

DRA. MUTIARA O. PANDJAITAN, M.Pd.

Bahan Pelatihan Terintegrasi Guru SMP

Jam Pertemuan: 10 x 45 menit

DEPARTEMEN PENDIDIKAN NASIONAL

DIREKTORAT JENDERAL PENDIDIKAN DASAR DAN MENENGAH

DIREKTORAT PENDIDIKAN LANJUTAN PERTAMA

2004

 

BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

A. Pendahuluan

Perubahan kurikulum yang terjadi sekarang ini sejalan dengan tuntutan masyarakat dan perkembangan global. Perubahan itu adalah dari kurikulum yang memberikan penekanan pada materi ke kurikulum berbasis kompetensi yang menekankan proses pembelajaran dalam rangka mencapai kompetensi tertentu. Dengan demikian penyelenggaraan proses pembelajaran diharapkan dapat menjamin terkuasainya kompetensi oleh siswa sesuai dengan konteks lingkungannya. Dengan kata lain, pertanyaan tentang apa yang harus diajarkan bergeser ke pertanyaan tentang apa yang harus dikuasai anak, sehingga guru didorong untuk menerapkan prinsip-prinsip pembelajaran tuntas (mastery learning). Oleh karena itu, penilaian yang dilakukan juga terfokus pada penilaian kompetensi siswa, dalam hal ini kompetensi berkomunikasi  dalam bahasa Inggris.

Ketepatan penilaian yang dilakukan akan mempengaruhi pendekatan, kegiatan, dan sumber belajar yang diterapkan guru dalam proses pembelajaran, di samping mampu mengungkapkan hasil belajar siswa dalam lingkup ranah kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotor. Ranah kognitif berkaitan dengan kegiatan intelektual siswa yang mencakup: pengetahuan, pemahaman, aplikasi, analisis, sintesis, dan evaluasi. Ranah afektif berkaitan dengan sikap siswa yang mencakup: penerimaan (receiving), responsi (responding), acuan nilai (valuing), organisasi, dan karakterisasi. Ranah psikomotor berkaitan dengan motorik halus dan kasar yang meliputi: gerakan refleks, gerakan dasar (basic fundamental movements), gerakan persepsi (perceptual abilities), gerakan kemampuan fisik (physical abilities), gerakan terampil (skilled movements), dan gerakan indah dan kreatif (non-discursive communication). Uraian selengkapnya dapat dilihat pada lampiran (Pedoman penilaian kelas, Pusat Kurikulum, 2004).

B. Tujuan

Pelatihan ini bertujuan untuk membangun pemahaman peserta tentang penilaian kelas dan mengembangkan kemampuannya dalam membuat dan melaksanakan penilaian pembelajaran bahasa Inggris sesuai Kurikulum 2004 Bahasa Inggris.

C. Cakupan

Sesuai tujuan di atas, bahan pelatihan ini mencakup:

  1. Pengertian Penilaian
  2. Pengertian Penilaian Kelas otentik
  3. Kompetensi Bahasa Inggris
  4. Pengembangan metode penilaian yang sesuai dengan kompetensi yang ditargetkan dalam penciptaan berbagai jenis teks, baik bahasa lisan maupun tulis
  5. Pengembangan instrumen penilaian serta penskorannya yang mampu mengukur pencapaian kompetensi yang ditargetkan

 

BAB II

PENILAIAN KELAS

A. Pengertian

Banyak orang mencampuradukkan pengertian Evaluasi, Penilaian (assessment), Pengukuran (measurement), dan Tes. Evaluasi merupakan suatu kegiatan identifikasi untuk melihat apakah suatu program yang telah direncanakan telah tercapai atau belum, berharga atau tidak, dan bagaimana tingkat efisiensi pelaksanaannya. Evaluasi berhubungan dengan keputusan nilai (value judgement). Penilaian merupakan penerapan berbagai cara dan penggunaan beragam alat penilaian untuk memperoleh informasi sejauh mana ketercapaian hasil belajar atau kompetensi siswa (Pusat Kurikulum, pedoman penilaian kelas,2003). Jadi penilaian menjawab pertanyaan sebaik apa hasil atau prestasi belajar seseorang. Hasil penilaian dapat berupa nilai kualitatif (pernyataan dengan kata-kata) maupun kuantitatif (berupa angka). Pengukuran merupakan proses pemberian angka atau usaha memperoleh deskripsi numerik sejauh mana siswa telah mencapai suatu tingkatan. Pengukuran berhubungan dengan penentuan nilai kuantitatif. Tes merupakan alat penilaian yang dirancang dan dilaksanakan pada waktu dan tempat tertentu dengan syarat-syarat tertentu.

Penilaian kelas merupakan penilaian yang dilakukan guru, baik yang mencakup aktivitas penilaian untuk mendapatkan nilai kualitatif maupun kuantitatif. Penilaian kelas dilakukan terutama untuk memperoleh informasi tentang hasil belajar siswa yang dapat digunakan sebagai diagnosis dan masukan dalam membimbing siswa serta menetapkan tindak lanjut yang perlu dilakukan guru dalam rangka meningkatkan pencapaian kompetensi siswa. Penilaian dilakukan tidak hanya untuk mengungkap hasil belajar ranah kognitif tetapi juga mengungkap hasil belajar ranah afektif dan psikomotor.

Penilaian kelas mengacu kepada kriteria atau patokan, artinya interpretasi hasil penilaian bergantung pada sejauh mana siswa mencapai atau menguasai kriteria atau patokan yang telah ditentukan. Kriteria atau patokan itu dirumuskan dalam kompetensi pada kurikulum berbasis kompetensi (2004). Dengan demikian orientasi penilaian berubah dari berorientasi diskriminasi siswa – yang membandingkan siswa dengan siswa lain, menentukan ranking prestasi siswa dalam satu kelas atau mengelompokkan siswa dalam satu kelas berdasarkan prestasi belajar – kepada yang berorientasi diferensiasi siswa – menentukan apakah atau sejauh mana siswa sudah menguasai kompetensi yang telah ditetapkan dalam kurikulumdan, memberikan remedial atau pengayaan bagi siswa tertentu berdasarkan hasil penilaian diagnostik.

Penilaian kelas harus bersifat otentik, artinya penilaian terintegrasi dalam proses pembelajaran dengan menggunakan berbagai metoda dan teknik yang sesuai dengan tujuan dan proses serta pengalaman belajar siswa agar tujuan dan fungsi penilaian lebih efektif bagi perbaikan belajar siswa.

Penilaian kelas dapat dilakukan dengan berbagai cara yaitu: tertulis, lisan, produk, portofolio, unjuk kerja, dan tingkah laku.

Agar diperoleh hasil yang obyektif guru harus berupaya untuk:

  1. Memanfaatkan berbagai bukti hasil kerja siswa dari sejumlah penilaian yang dilakukan dengan berbagai cara dan alat penilaian.
  2. Membuat keputusan yang adil tentang penguasaan kompetensi siswa dengan mempertimbangkan hasil kerja yang dikumpulkan.

Guru menetapkan tingkat pencapaian siswa berdasarkan hasil belajarnya pada kurun waktu tertentu. Pada akhir satuan waktu (semester atau tahun), guru perlu membuat keputusan akhir tentang kemampuan yang telah dikuasai siswa dilihat dari indikator pencapaian yang telah ditetapkan secara nasional dalam kurikulum.

Penilaian kelas dilakukan secara berkesinambungan. Hal ini berarti suatu aktivitas penilaian dapat dilakukan setelah siswa mempelajari suatu kompetensi. Pelaporan dilakukan dengan menggunakan informasi yang telah diperoleh melalui penilaian untuk masing-masing kompetensi.

B. Kompetensi Bahasa Inggris SMP

Kompetensi yang diinginkan pada kurikulum Bahasa Inggris SMP adalah Kompetensi Wacana (Discource Competence), yaitu kemampuan menyusun atau menghasilkan teks lisan maupun tertulis  berdasarkan konteks budaya dan situasi yang melingkupinya. Ketika seseorang bercakap-cakap atau berpidato, orang tersebut menciptakan teks yang maknanya dapat difahami oleh  pihak lain sesuai konteks budaya dan situasi yang melingkupi percakapan atau pidato tersebut. Wacana adalah peristiwa komunikasi yang dipengaruhi oleh topik yang dikomunikasikan, hubungan interpersonal antara pengguna bahasa, dan jalur komunikasi (lisan atau tertulis) yang digunakan dalam satu konteks budaya. Ketiga faktor ini menentukan pemilihan berbahasa, seperti apakah seseorang memilih berbahasa formal/informal, akrab/tidak akrab. Dengan demikian siswa mampu berkomunikasi sesuai konteks yang dihadapinya (Halliday, 1978).

Kompetensi wacana hanya dapat diperoleh jika siswa memperoleh kompetensi pendukungnya, yaitu:

  • Kompetensi Tindak Bahasa (Actional Competence), tindak tutur untuk bahasa lisan atau retorika untuk bahasa tulis. Ketika orang berkomunikasi lisan orang tersebut melakukan berbagai tindak tutur, dan ketika berkomunikasi secara tertulis orang itu melakukan langkah-langkah retorika. Kompetensi tindak bahasa meliputi keterampilan mendengarkan, berbicara, membaca, dan menulis.
  • Kompetensi Linguistik (Linguistic Competence), berkaitan dengan pengetahuan tentang bunyi, kata, kalimat, dan sebagainya
  • Kompetensi Sosiokultural (Sociocultural Competence), berkaitan dengan pemilihan berbahasa yang dipengaruhi oleh pengetahuan sosial budaya si pembicara, hubungan interpersonal antara pengguna bahasa dalam satu konteks budaya, apakah berbahasa formal/informal, akrab/tidak akrab, dsb.
  • Kompetensi Strategis (Strategic Competence), yaitu kompetensi yang diperlukan untuk mengkompensasi atau mengatasi masalah-masalah yang timbul ketika belajar bahasa atau dalam proses komunikasi seperti: mengulang, rephrase (mengatakan dengan cara lain), menjelaskan, paraphrasing. dan
  • kompetensi Pembentuk Wacana, yaitu kompetensi yang diperlukan untuk menciptakan sejenis teks , lisan atau tertulis, seperti pemilihan, pengurutan dan penataan kata, struktur, dan kalimat/ucapan (penggunaan struktur wacana, kohesi, deiksis, koherensi).

Jadi pada kurikulum Bahasa Inggris kompetensi dasar mencakup kompetensi Tindak Bahasa, kompetensi Linguistik, kompetensi Sosiokultural, kompetensi Strategis, dan kompetensi Pembentuk Wacana. Dengan demikian pembelajaran harus diarahkan untuk mencapai kompetensi tersebut.

Sebagai contoh untuk keterampilan berbicara pembelajaran diarahkan untuk mengembangkan kompetensi siswa melakukan tindak tutur seperti: membuka percakapan, mempertahankannya, menutup percakapan, meminta tolong, menyapa, mengungkapkan kegembiraan, meminta maaf, mengundang dan sebagainya dalam konteks tertentu. Untuk keterampilan menulis  pembelajaran diarahkan untuk mengembangkan kemampuan siswa melakukan langkah-langkah komunikasi (retorika), seperti: mengelaborasi, menambah, mempertajam gagasan, menyimpulkan. Dengan pembelajaran berfokus pada pengembangan kompetensi berbahasa , penilaian pembelajaran bahasa Inggris juga harus terfokus pada penilaian kompetensi :Tindak Bahasa, Linguistik, Sosiokultural, Strategis, dan Pembentuk wacana.

Di samping kompetensi-kompetensi yang telah disebutkan, pada kurikulum tercantum aspek sikap. Sikap merupakan bentuk reaksi positif siswa terhadap bahasa Inggris yang perlu ditanamkan sejak dini sehingga pelajaran bahasa Inggris terasa menyenangkan bagi mereka. Aspek sikap ini dirumuskan sebagai hasil belajar yang dapat diamati berdasarkan apa yang dilakukan siswa selama menjalani proses pembelajaran bahasa Inggris.

Penilaian pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris

Dalam pembelajaran bahasa Inggris penilaian kelas adalah penilaian yang dilakukan guru terhadap siswanya untuk membantu mereka belajar bahasa, membantu mereka meningkatkan pembelajaran melalui penilaian diagnostik, atau tes hasil belajar (Brown,1992)

Dalam pembelajaran bahasa Inggris kita tidak hanya perlu menilai pengetahuan siswa tentang sintaksis dan kosakata serta kemampuan mereka menggunakan bahasa Inggris sebagai alat komunikasi, tetapi lebih dari itu yaitu bagaimana siswa menciptakan dan menginterpretasikan makna, tidak hanya berkaitan dengan keterampilan berbahasa mereka tetapi juga mengenai pengetahuan dan pengalaman mereka. Kita juga perlu menilai kemampuan siswa dalam menganalisis teks dan konteks.

Penilaian dilakukan tidak perlu menunggu sampai pertengahan atau akhir semester, tetapi selama proses pembelajaran berlangsung  guru sudah mulai memonitor perkembangan siswa secara terus menerus dengan menggunakan format pengamatan. Sepanjang proses ini guru dapat mengamati pengetahuan siswa, cara mereka menyelesaikan tugas, sampai pada hasil akhir. Dengan pengamatan yang terus menerus guru segera dapat mengetahui mana siswa yang cepat dan yang lambat serta perlu mendapat perlakuan khusus. Hasil pengamatan yang terus menerus ini dapat disampaikan kepada siswa sehingga mereka mengetahui akan kekuatan dan kelemahannya dan selanjutnya dapat digunakan untuk memperbaiki kinerjanya. …

(Untuk penjelasan yang lebih detail dapat di unduh di link yang telah disediakan di atas.)


 


Email:

rppguswur@gmail.com

Belajar Inggris

BelajarInggris.Net 250x250

Blog Stats

  • 1,533,323 hits

Pengunjung

free counters

blogstat

Alexa Certified Site Stats for www.aguswuryanto.wordpress.com

Incoming traffic

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 158 other followers

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 158 other followers